Jomolhari | Chomo Lhari (ཇོ་མོ་ལྷ་རི, jo mo lha ri, 绰莫拉日峰, Chuòmòlārì Fēng)

Jomolhari Himalaya from Drukgyal Dzong

Jomolhari, also known as Chomolhari, is a mountain in the Himalayas that straddles the border between Tibet, China, and Bhutan. The mountain stands at an impressive height of 7,326 meters, making it one of the highest peaks in the Himalayan range. Jomolhari is a prominent feature in the landscape of both Tibet and Bhutan, and it holds significant cultural and religious importance for the people living in these regions.

Jomolhari lies on the northern border of Bhutan, directly adjacent to the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The mountain is part of the larger Himalayan range, which stretches across several countries in Asia. Despite its location on an international border, Jomolhari is far more than just a geographical landmark. In both Bhutan and Tibet, it holds a special place in local folklore, religion, and culture.

In Bhutan, Jomolhari is often referred to as the “Bride of Kangchenjunga”, another prominent Himalayan peak. It is considered sacred in the local Buddhist tradition and is a destination for many pilgrims. The mountain’s south face features a number of ancient meditation caves that have been used by hermits and spiritual seekers for centuries. In Tibet, Jomolhari is also revered as a sacred site. The mountain is associated with the goddess Jomo—a protector deity in Tibetan Buddhism—and it draws many religious devotees from across the region.

Despite its cultural significance, Jomolhari remains relatively untouched by human activity due to its remote location and harsh climate. However, its majestic beauty continues to attract mountaineers and adventurers from around the world. Whether viewed from the valleys of Bhutan or the high plateaus of Tibet, Jomolhari represents a pinnacle of natural beauty and spiritual significance in the heart of the Himalayas.

Fast Facts

Country: China, Bhutan

State/Province: Tibet, Thimphu

Mountain Range: Jomolhari Himalaya

Parents: Himalaya

Elevation: 24,035 feet / 7,326 meters

Prominence: 6,814 feet / 2,077 meters

Isolation: 0.2 miles / 0.32 kilometers

Nearest Higher Neighbor (NHN): Pauhunri

First Ascent: May 21, 1937 by a British expedition led by Freddie Spencer Chapman 

Fun Fact: Jomolhari is the 78th highest mountain peak in the world.

Plant Life: Jomolhari’s Druk Path Trek is rich with 46 species of rhododendrons, magnolias, orchids, blue poppies, junipers, and over 300 types of medicinal plants. Bhutan’s Jomolhari Trek is a little more difficult than the Druk Path Trek and also boasts of lush rhododendrons, as well as birches, firs, blue pines, maples, cedars, oaks, larches, and ferns.

Animal Life: Take the Jomolhari Trek in Jigme Dorji National Park and you might get a glimpse of incredible local wildlife including 36 species of mammals like the Bengal tiger, snow leopard, musk deer, blue goats, Himalayan blue sheep (bharal), and Asiatic wild dog.

Bird Life: In nearby Jigme Dorji National Park you will find 328 species of birds, including the Wood Snipe, Yellow Wagtail, Pink-browed Rosefinch, Spotted Bush Warbler, Desert Wheatear, and rare and threatened species like the Chestnut-breasted Partridge and Wood Snipe, which are two vulnerable species in the park, and six near-threatened species: the Bearded Vulture, Himalayan Vulture, River Lapwing, Satyr Tragopan, Yellow-rumped Honeyguide, and Ward’s Trogon.

Flora and Fauna

Jomolhari, also known as “the bride of Kangchenjunga”, is a mountain located in the Himalayas, straddling the border between Tibet, China and Bhutan. Its unique location provides an exceptional environment for a diverse range of flora and fauna. The area is known for its remarkable biodiversity, which is attributed to its varying altitudes and climates.

The flora of Jomolhari is distinct and varied, ranging from subtropical forests at the lower altitudes to alpine meadows and shrubs at higher altitudes. The region is home to a vast array of plant species, including several types of rhododendrons, junipers, and a variety of medicinal herbs. Additionally, the area is characterized by its lush blue pine forests, which are a dominant feature of the Bhutanese landscape.

The fauna found in Jomolhari are equally diverse and fascinating. The region is a haven for wildlife enthusiasts, housing an array of wild animals like snow leopards, Himalayan black bears, blue sheep, and marmots. Moreover, Jomolhari is renowned for its birdlife, with more than 300 species recorded. These include the Himalayan Monal, Snow Pigeon, and the elusive Black-necked Crane.

This rich biodiversity found in Jomolhari makes it an ecological treasure in the Himalayas. However, it’s worth noting that this delicate ecosystem faces several threats due to climate change and human activities. Therefore, conservation efforts are crucial to preserve the unique flora and fauna found in this region. It’s not just about preserving the natural beauty of Jomolhari; it’s about maintaining an ecological balance that supports a wide range of species in the heart of the Himalayas.


Jomolhari, a stunning peak located at the border between Tibet, China, and Bhutan in the Himalaya range, serves as an iconic setting for some of the most beautiful and challenging hiking trails. These trails offer a unique blend of spectacular landscapes, rich biodiversity, and deep cultural immersion, making them a must-visit for outdoor enthusiasts and adventure seekers.

One of the most renowned trails near Jomolhari is the Jomolhari Loop. This route is particularly popular among hikers for its fascinating views of Jomolhari peak, which stands at an impressive height of 7,326 meters. The trail winds through thick forests of fir, blue pine, and rhododendrons, across high-altitude passes and past nomadic yak herders’ settlements. The journey provides an insightful glimpse into Bhutan’s rich cultural heritage as well as its diverse flora and fauna.

Another enticing trail is the Jomolhari Laya Gasa Trek. Regarded as one of the most scenic treks in Bhutan, this trail takes you through pristine forests, alpine meadows, and high mountain passes with panoramic views of the Himalayas. Along this route, you’ll have opportunities to visit remote villages and immerse yourself in the local culture and traditions.

Lastly, for those seeking a more challenging route near Jomolhari, the Snowman Trek is an ideal choice. Known as one of the most difficult treks in the world due to its length and high altitude, this trail offers unparalleled views of Jomolhari along with several other peaks in the Himalaya range.

The area surrounding Jomolhari provides some of the best trails in the region. Whether you’re seeking a leisurely hike or a strenuous adventure, you’re bound to find a route near Jomolhari that suits your preferences. However, these trails are not just about physical challenges; they offer an immersive experience into the cultural richness of Bhutan and a chance to witness the untouched beauty of the Himalayas.


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