From left – Mount South Kabru, Mount North Kabru and Mount Talung – beautiful view of Himalayan mountains at Ravangla, Sikkim.

Nestled in the southern reaches of the state of Sikkim, Kabru mountain stands as a majestic sentinel in the mighty Himalayas. The Kabru mountain is part of the Kanchenjunga Himalayas range, a subrange of the greater Himalayas. At an impressive height of approximately 7,412 meters (24,318 feet), it is one of the highest peaks in the world. The mountain straddles the border between Nepal and India, with its southernmost part lying in the Taplejung District of Nepal and its northernmost part in Sikkim, India.

The name ‘Kabru’ is derived from Tibetan language, which means ‘The Mountain’. The Kabru mountain is not just a geographical marvel, it is also a site of great cultural and spiritual significance. For generations, it has been revered by the local communities in Sikkim as well as by the Nepalese people living across the border. Many trekkers and mountaineers regard Kabru as a challenging and rewarding peak to conquer due to its rugged terrain and unpredictable weather conditions.

The mountain’s proximity to the Koshi river adds to its scenic beauty. Originating from the highlands of Tibet, the Koshi river flows through the eastern part of Nepal and enters India through Sikkim, where it skirts around the eastern flank of Kabru. The river’s picturesque course set against the backdrop of the mighty Kabru creates a breathtaking panorama that has been a source of inspiration for many poets and artists.

Kabru mountain is a significant geographical feature in the Himalayas that contributes to the rich topographical diversity of Sikkim. Its awe-inspiring height, rugged terrain and scenic beauty make it an appealing destination for trekkers and nature lovers alike. Furthermore, its cultural and spiritual significance adds another layer to its intrigue, making it an emblematic landmark in this part of the Himalayas.

Fast Facts

Country: India, Nepal

State/Province: Sikkim, Koshi

Mountain Range: Kangchenjunga Himalaya

Parents: Himalaya

Elevation: 24,075 feet / 7,338 meters

Prominence: 2,560 feet / 780 meters

Isolation: 3.7 miles / 5.95 kilometers

Nearest Higher Neighbor (NHN):  Kangchenjunga

First Ascent: November 18, 1935, by solo climber C.R. Cooke

Fun Fact: Kabru North is the 65th highest mountain peak in the world.

Neighboring Peaks: Like its parent mountain, Kangchenjunga, Kabru is a mountain ridge of five prominent peaks. Named from north to south, the mountain’s structures are: Kangchenjunga south top (8,476 m), a saddle of Kabru (6,600–6,700 m), a summit called Talung (7,349 m), another saddle (6,983 m), the Kabru summit which is sometimes called Kabru IV (7,412 m), a snow feature called a “field of firn” (~7,200 m), the Kabru North summit (7,338 m), a saddle (7,200 m), and the Kabru South summit (7,318 m). Nearby features include Goecha Peak and Goecha La Lake to the southeast, Rathong Glacier to the south, the Oktang hiking area to the southwest, and Simvo mountain to the northeast. It is also located directly southeast of Mount Kumbhakarna.

Flora and Fauna

Kabru is a place of significant ecological importance. This region is a treasure trove of diverse flora and fauna, offering a unique blend of natural beauty and ecological significance. The Kabru mountain’s exceptional biodiversity is due to its altitude variations, which create varying microclimates and habitats.

The flora of Kabru is largely characterized by alpine and sub-alpine vegetation. These include various species of rhododendrons, junipers, and other coniferous trees that are adapted to the cold climatic conditions of the Himalayas. The lower slopes of the mountain are dominated by broad-leaved species such as oak and chestnut. Moreover, the area is also known for its orchids and medicinal plants, many of which are endemic to the region.

Moving onto the fauna, Kabru boasts a remarkable variety of wildlife. Here, one can find a multitude of bird species like Himalayan Monal, Blood Pheasant, and Satyr Tragopan, making it an ideal spot for bird watchers. Additionally, this region also serves as a habitat for several mammals such as snow leopards, Himalayan black bear, and red panda. The Koshi river that flows near Kabru is home to various aquatic species too.

The biodiversity of Kabru extends beyond its picturesque landscapes and contributes significantly to the ecological health of Sikkim and the broader Himalayan region. The diverse flora plays a crucial role in maintaining the soil stability and water cycle in this mountainous terrain. Additionally, the fauna contributes to balancing the ecosystem through their roles as predators, herbivores, or decomposers.

The flora and fauna of Kabru represent an intricate web of life that underpins the overall health of the Sikkim ecosystem. This biodiversity hotspot is an excellent example of how nature thrives amidst the challenging conditions in the Himalayas. Therefore, preserving this unique biodiversity is not only crucial for maintaining ecological balance but also for ensuring the long-term sustainability of life in this region.


The mountain trails near Kabru are a sight to behold and offer an unparalleled adventure for those who seek the thrill of trekking. These trails provide an excellent opportunity to witness the magnificence of the mighty Himalayas, explore the rich biodiversity of the region, and immerse oneself in the serenity of nature.

One of the most sought-after trails near Kabru is the route leading to the Koshi River. This trail takes you through lush forests, over challenging ridges, and along precarious cliff edges, offering breathtaking panoramic views of not just the Kabru mountain, but also other towering peaks in the Himalayan range. The trail to Koshi River is not just about getting an adrenaline rush but also about discovering the unique flora and fauna that thrive in this part of Sikkim.

Another popular trail is the one leading to the Kabru Base Camp. This trek is often considered one of the most challenging in Sikkim, with its steep ascents and unpredictable weather. However, for those who dare to take on this challenge, the rewards are spectacular views of snow-capped peaks, pristine glaciers, and serene alpine meadows that seem straight out of a postcard.

The trail leading to Rathong Glacier is yet another must-try route near Kabru. This trail promises a thrilling journey through rugged terrains and across frothing rivers before it culminates at one of the most majestic glaciers in the Himalayas.

The trails near Kabru offer adventurers a chance to explore some of the most stunning landscapes in Sikkim. Whether it’s navigating treacherous mountain paths or simply soaking in the beauty of nature, these trails promise an experience that is both challenging and rewarding.

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