Mount Damavand

Mount Damavand (دماوند)

Damavand is a volcanic mountain that sits near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea in Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

In Persian mythology and literature, Mount Damavand represents Iran’s resistance to foreign rule and despotism. In Zoroastrianism, the three headed dragon Aži Dahāka was chained within Mount Damāvand. In another version of the story, a tyrant named Zahhāk was chained within a cave in the mountain. The Persian poet Ferdowsi depicts the mountain as having magic powers in his masterpiece, Shahnameh. And in the Iranian legend of Arash by writer Muhammad Bal’ami, the hero shot his magical arrow from Mount Damāvand to mark the border of Iran, resolving a border dispute between Iran and Turan.

It is one of the Volcanic Seven Summits, which are the tallest volcanic mountains on each continent. The others are Kilimanjaro (Africa), Pico de Orizaba (North America), and Mount Sidley (Antarctica), Mount Giluwe (Australia), Mount Elbrus (Europe), and Ojos del Salado (South America).

Country: Iran

Mountain Range: Alborz

Height: 15,312 feet / 4,667 meters

First Ascent: 905, by Abu Dolaf Kazraji.

Fun Fact: Mount Damavand is the highest peak in Iran and the Middle East. It is also the second highest volcano in all of Asia, next to Tibet’s Kunlun Volcanic Group.

Mountain Trails: There are several paths to the summit of Damavand, but the Southern Face is the most popular and likely the easiest route.


Majestic volcano Damavand, highest peak in Polur, Iran
Mount Damavand, stratovolcano and highest peak in Iran.
Climbers reaching the summit of Damavand mountain, 5671 m, Iran on October, 2016
Picturesque green meadow with poppies and volcano Damavand in the background, Iran
Damavand mountain in Iran
Picturesque mosque underneath volcano Damavand, highest peak in Iran
Glacier inside caldera of Damavand volcano, summit of Damavand volcano, the highest mountain in Iran (5671 m), Iran
Hiking Damavand Volcano in Iran
Majestic volcano Damavand, highest peak in Polur, Iran
Brown horse sitting in front of Damavand mountain, Iran
Mount Damavand, Iran | Daniel Karfik

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