Mount Madison

Mount Madison

Mount Madison | Jesse Sherman

Mount Madison, one of the prominent peaks in New Hampshire’s Presidential Range, is a remarkable landmark that offers an exceptional outdoor experience for nature lovers and adventure seekers alike. Nestled within the White Mountains, this peak stands tall at 5,367 feet, making it the fifth highest peak in the state. Named after James Madison, the fourth President of the United States, Mount Madison is a testament to the beauty and grandeur of the New Hampshire landscape.

The Presidential Range, where Mount Madison is located, is renowned for its rugged terrain and breathtaking panoramic views. The range is home to several high peaks named after U.S. Presidents and other prominent figures in U.S. history. As part of this significant range, Mount Madison contributes to the allure that attracts thousands of hikers and climbers every year. The journey to its summit provides a challenging yet rewarding experience, with trails that wind through dense forests, cross crystal clear streams, and offer stunning views of the surrounding mountainscape.

Interestingly, Mount Madison lies within the Presidential – Dry River Wilderness area, further amplifying its importance in terms of environmental preservation. The region’s diverse flora and fauna coupled with the unique alpine ecosystem make it an important area for scientific research and study.

Mount Madison is not just a peak in New Hampshire’s Presidential Range; it’s a destination that embodies the spirit of adventure and exploration. Its natural beauty, paired with its ecological significance, make it a must-visit spot for anyone seeking to experience the best of what New Hampshire has to offer. Whether you’re an avid hiker, a nature enthusiast or a student of ecology, Mount Madison has something to offer everyone.

Fast Facts

Country: United States

State/Province: New Hampshire

County/Region: Coös

City/Town: Low and Burbanks Grant

Mountain Range: Presidential Range, White Mountains, Appalachian Mountains

Parents: Mount John Quincy Adams

Elevation: 5,367 feet / 1,636 meters

Prominence: 466 feet / 142 meters

Isolation: 0.62 miles / 1 kilometers

Nearest Higher Neighbor (NHN): John Quincy Adams

Flora and Fauna

Mount Madison, located in New Hampshire’s Presidential Range, is a haven for a diverse array of flora and fauna. This majestic mountain, named after the fourth president of the United States, James Madison, boasts an elevation of 5,367 feet and is renowned for its breathtaking views and rich biodiversity.

The flora on Mount Madison is uniquely adapted to the harsh conditions of the alpine zone. The lower elevations of the mountain are primarily forested with spruce and fir trees. As the altitude increases, the trees give way to hardy shrubs and grasses that can withstand the harsh winds and cold temperatures. Among these are the rare Alpine Bilberry and Diapensia Lapponica, which bloom in the short summer season to create a striking contrast against the rocky landscape.

Amidst this rugged terrain, the fauna of Mount Madison thrives. The mountain serves as an important habitat for various species of birds such as Bicknell’s Thrush, White-Throated Sparrows, and Blackpoll Warblers. The elusive American Marten also inhabits this area, perfectly adapted to navigate through the dense forests and rocky crevices. The Presidential Range is also home to several species of bats and insects that have adapted to life in these high-elevation environments.

The biodiversity of Mount Madison represents a delicate balance between flora and fauna, each depending on the other for survival. The trees and plants provide shelter and food for the animals while they, in turn, contribute to plant pollination and seed dispersal. This intricate ecological web is a testament to the adaptability of life in even the most challenging environments.

Mount Madison, nestled in New Hampshire’s Presidential Range, is more than just a hiker’s paradise; it is a vital sanctuary for flora and fauna that have adapted to thrive in its challenging environment. Its unique biodiversity underscores the importance of preserving such natural habitats for future generations to study and enjoy.


Mount Madison, located in the picturesque state of New Hampshire, is part of the renowned Presidential Range. It offers a wide array of trails that cater to both amateur hikers and seasoned mountaineers. The trails near Mount Madison are known for their stunning natural beauty, diverse terrain, and breathtaking views.

One of the most popular trails is the Valley Way Trail, which is considered one of the primary routes to ascend the summit of Mount Madison. This trail is well-maintained and provides hikers with a gradual climb through verdant forests before reaching the rugged alpine zone near the peak. Another noteworthy trail is the Osgood Trail, which leads to the Madison Spring Hut, offering hikers an opportunity to rest and rejuvenate. The trail offers sweeping views of the Presidential Range and beyond, making it a favorite among nature enthusiasts.

The Air Line trail is another gem near Mount Madison. It is the most direct route to the summit and is well-known for its steep and challenging terrain. Despite its difficulty, many hikers prefer this trail for its unparalleled views of the surrounding landscapes. Star Lake Trail, on the other hand, is a shorter route that leads to a beautiful alpine lake nestled in the mountains.

For those looking for a longer trek, The Presidential Traverse is an excellent option. This trail spans across the entire Presidential Range, including Mount Madison, and is considered one of the most challenging hikes in New Hampshire due to its length and elevation gain.

The trails near Mount Madison in New Hampshire offer a diverse range of hiking experiences. Whether you are a novice hiker or an experienced mountaineer seeking a challenge, you will find a trail that suits your skill level and interest. Each trail offers unique perspectives of the Presidential Range, ensuring an unforgettable outdoor adventure.

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